The Osuna was one of the aristocratic families of most noble descent of its time. Educated in the world of literature, music and arts, they bought a property on the Alameda estate at the end of the XVIII century, in order to withdraw from the city and give free rein to their artistic pursuits.
Gardeners, architects and stage set designers worked to beautify El Capricho directed by the duchess herself who organised the games and shows that took place there. With that in mind some provisional constructions were created as well. These structures, called caprichos (follies), were meant to amaze the aristocracy and had to be found in the garden like a game. The experience encouraged them to reexperience the joys of nature.
Among the follies, the most outstanding were:
- The Beehive which was built to study the behaviour of bees a topic of great interest for the most advanced philosophers of the day.
- The Chapel, built as if already dilapidated, where Brother Arsenio lived and died.
- The dance Casino, to organise celebrations, which was accessible by boats rowed along a canal.
- The Wharf or Cane House, built in a Chinese style, in fashion at that time.
- The Old House, typically rural.