This project was designed by the eldest of the Garcia Naveira brothers who, on his return from Argentina, decided to invest part of his immense fortune in a series of benefic works in Betanzos, his home town.
The total surface of the park was 9 hectares of which only one remains, known today as the enciclopaedic park. The other 8 belonged to the garden that covered the flat area of the property.
This park had a social and economic purpose, providing work for the unemployed and at the same time helping to maintain the old people’s home.
Apart from this, the park had a purely didactic purpose, very fashionable at the beginning of the XXth century, to exhibit the latest technological discoveries (the most clever aquatic inventions, dirigibles, a diver suit, an airplane…); exotic and distant sights (the Chinese Wall, the Mosque of Mohammed-Ali, the Panama Canal…); fabulous reproductions of lions, dromedaries, rhinoceroses, hippopotamuses, camels…; scenes of ancient history and mythology (the Roman Circus, the sacrifice of Tupac Amaru…), without forgetting of course the small collections of different plants and animals.